Field & Staff
Organized on February 15, 1864 by augmenting the 2nd Arkansas Cavalry Battalion (State Troops) to regimental strength under the command of Colonel John C. Wright, Lt. Col. James W. Bowie, and Major George M. Wright. Assigned to Crawford's (later Slemons') Brigade in Fagan's 1st Arkansas Cavalry Division of Gen'l Sterling Price's cavalry corps, the 12th Arkansas participated in Confederate counterattacks on Union General Frederick Steele's Camden Expedition in March through May of 1864, fighting in the battles of Poison Springs and Marks' Mills. The regiment subsequently accompanied Fagan's division on Price's Missouri Raid in September and October of 1864, fighting in the battles of Pilot Knob (MO), Independence, and Marais des Cygnes (KS) along the way. Returned with Price to southwestern Arkansas in November, 1864 and remained in that area for the remainder of the war. Surrendered with General Kirby Smith on May 26, 1865.