Organized with from five to seven companies on April 20, 1864 by renaming Crawford's Cavalry Battalion after that officer's promotion to brigade command, and placing the unit under the command of Lt. Col. John M. Harrell of Little Rock and Major J.W. Bishop. Assigned to Cabell's Brigade, where it served at the battle of Marks' Mills during the last part of the Camden Expedition. Accompanied the brigade as part of Fagan's 1st Arkansas Cavalry Division of Gen'l Sterling Price's cavalry corps on Price's Missouri Raid in September and October of 1864, fighting in the battles of Pilot Knob (MO), Independence, and Marais des Cygnes (KS) along the way. Returned with Price to southwestern Arkansas in November, 1864 and remained in that area for the remainder of the war. Surrendered with General Kirby Smith on May 26, 1865.