1st Regiment, Arkansas Mounted Rifles










Organized at Little Rock, Arkansas on June 16, 1861 under the command of Colonel Thomas J. Churchill. Company A was the "Chicot Rangers"; Company B the "Des Arc Rangers"; Company C the "Johnson Cavalry"; Company D the "Augusta Guards"; Company E the "Conway Cavalry"; Company F the "Pulaski Lancers"; Company G the "Napoleon Cavalry"; Company H the "Dardanelle Rangers" of Yell county; Company I the "McCulloch Rangers"; Company K the "Independence Cavalry"; and Company L the "Desha Cavalry".

Initially assigned to McCulloch's Brigade near Fayetteville, Arkansas, the regiment participated in the campaign to reinforce General Sterling Price's Missouri State Guard in southwestern Missouri in July and August, 1861, fighting in the battles at Neosho and Wilson's Creek (called "Oak Hills" by the Confederates). Returned to Arkansas after Wilson's Creek and served in the Indian Territory against a number of Unionist Cherokee units in September and October, 1861. Wintered near Strickler's Station, and marched with the Army of the West in late February, 1862, fighting in a number of small skirmishes culminating in the Battle of Pea Ridge on March 7-8, 1862. Retreated with the Army of the West to Van Buren, and from there marched east to join the Confederate forces massing at Corinth, Mississippi. Dismounted at DeValls Bluff, Arkansas, in April 1862 and fought as infantry for the remainder of the war. Reorganized at Corinth, MS on May 1, 1862, re-enlisting for three years or the duration of the War.

Colonel Churchill was promoted to brigade command at Corinth, and the regiment was assigned to his brigade in McCown's Division, which accompanied Kirby Smith's army in an attempt to re-occupy Kentucky in the summer and early fall of 1862. General Churchill was reassigned to a command in Arkansas in July, and General McNair assumed command of the brigade. The brigade fought in the battle of Richmond, KY on August 29-30, 1862. Following the Battle of Perryville fought by Bragg's army in October, Kirby Smith's army followed Bragg back into middle Tennessee where it was merged with Bragg's Army of Tennessee. The regiment fought at the battle of Murfreesboro on December 30, 1862 - January 2, 1863. In the early summer of 1863, McNair's brigade was detailed to General Joe Johnston's forces in an attempt to relieve the federal siege of Vicksburg, and fought in the siege of Jackson, MS. Following the fall of both Vicksburg and Jackson, the brigade returned to Bragg's Army of Tennessee near Tullahoma, and fought in all of that army's battles for the remainder of the war... at Chickamauga; Chattanooga, the Atlanta Campaign including Dug Gap, Resaca, Peachtree Creek, Atlanta, Ezra Church, the siege of Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy's Station and Moon's Station; the battles of Spring Hill, Franklin, and Nashville, Sugar Creek, the Carolinas Campaign, and Bentonville. Consolidated with the 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles, 4th Arkansas Infantry Battalion, and the 4th, 9th, and 25th Arkansas Infantry regiments and the consolidated unit renamed as the 1st Mounted Rifles Regiment (Consolidated) (Dismounted) at the last reorganization of the Army of Tennessee near Smithville, North Carolina on April 9, 1865. Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee near Durham Station, North Carolina on April 26, 1865.

Officers: Colonel Thomas J. Churchill. Field Officers: Major William P. Campbell; Lt. Col. Morton G. Galloway; Major (later Colonel) Robert W. Harper; Major (later Lt. Col.) George S. Laswell; Lt. Col. Charles H. Matlock; Major (later Lt. Col. and Col.) Leander M. Ramsaur; Major (later Lt.Col., Col., and Brigadier General) Daniel H. Reynolds; Major (later Lt. Col.) George W. Wells

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