19th (Dockery's) Arkansas
Infantry Regiment










The 19th Arkansas (Smead's-Dockery's) Infantry was organized at DeVall's Bluff, Arkansas, on April 3, 1861 with the following officers: Colonel H.P. Smead of Columbia county; Lt. Col. Ben Hale, of Hot Springs; Maj. D.L. Kilgore of Magnolia; Quartermaster Thomas P. Dockery; Commissary H. Bussy. The captains were: Co. A, J.G. Johnson of Lewisville; Co. B, H.G.P. Williams of Hillsboro; Co. C, B.R. Mathews of El Dorado; Co. D. John Cook of Falcon; Co. E, P. Dismukes of Columbia county; Co. F, J.I. Kendrick of Columbia county; Co. G, William C. Langford of El Dorado; Co. H, James Henry of Hot Springs county. Under an act of Congress, the regiment was reorganized by electing Tom Dockery as Colonel, W.H. Dismukes as Lt. Col., and H.G.P. Williams as major. From Memphis, TN the regiment was ordered to Fort Pillow. On April 12, 1862, the Federal fleet which had caused the evacuation of Island No. 10 proceeded 80 miles downriver to Fort Pillow and began a vigorous bombardment of that strongpoint and of Randolph, about 12 miles below on the Tennessee bluffs. Both places were rendered untenable, and the Confederates there were withdrawn and sent to Corinth, Mississippi. They took part in the battles of Iuka and Corinth as a part of Cabell's Brigade, under General Sterling Prices's Corps, where the 19th Arkansas bore themselves with greatest gallantry. The 19th earned for its colonel, Tom Dockery of Lamartine, promotion to brigadier general and a brigade command. Colonel Dockery seemed designed for a soldier. Nothng excited him. His apparent indifferences to danger was such in fact that at times it rendered him negligent of necessary precautions. It was this defect, really, that prevented his further promotion.

Upon the promotion of Colonel Dockery, Lieutenat Colonel Dismukes became colonel of the regiment. The 19th Arkansas was assigned to Green's Brigade in January, 1863, with which it particpated in the defenses of Vicksburg, MS. The regiment fought hard throughout the battles of the Vicksburg campaign in the summer of 1863, engaged at Port Gibson, Champion Hill, the Big Black River bridge, and was besieged with the remainder of Pemberton's Army in Vicksburg ... finally surrendering with the garrision of that strongpoint on July 4, 1863.

The soldiers of the regiment were paroled at Vicksburg later that month, and many of the survivors made their way back to Arkansas, where they re-formed the regiment as a mounted rifles unit under their old commander BG Dockery's new brigade in Fagan's Cavalry Division. Here, they participated in the Confederate counterattacks against the federal Camden Expedition in March though May of 1864, and served ably at the battle of Marks' Mill on April 25, 1864. No records for the regiment exist after the summer of 1864, but it is believed the survivors were consolidated into the 3rd Infantry Regiment, Consolidated, of the Trans-Mississippi Dept. that summer, eventually surrendering with General Kirby Smith on May 26, 1865.

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