27th Arkansas Infantry Regiment










The 27th Arkansas Infantry was organized in July, 1862 under the command of Colonel James R. Shaler, with field officers Lt. Col. Arthur J. Magenis, Lt. Col. James M. Riggs, and Major (later Colonel) Beal Gaither, and sworn into Confederate service for the duration of the war. The regiment was recruited from the following counties: Co. A, Yellville and Izard county; Co. B, Carroll county; Co. C; Bellefonte and Searcy county; Co. D, Richland; Co. E, Marion county; Co. F, Locust Grove and Jasper; Co. G, Mount Olive; Co. H, Izard county; Co. I, Independence county; and Co. K,, from Yellville.

They were initially assigned to Shaver's Brigade of Hindman's Division in northwest Arkansas in January and February of 1863, then to Tappan's Brigade, in Gen'l Sterling Price's Division, from April to November of 1863. They remained with Tappan's Brigade through the remainder of the war.

In the first weeks of September, 1863, the 27th served in the Little Rock defenses at present-day North Little Rock. After General Price abandoned Little Rock, the 27th retreated down the Southwest Trail to Benton and on to the vicinity of Arkadelphia, while they spent the winter of 1863.

General Kirby Smith ordered Churchill's Arkansas Division which had most of his infantry (including Tappan's and Gause's brigades) to Shreveport, Louisiana in late March, 1864 to counter the advance of Union General Nathaniel Banks up the Red River.

The 27th served through most of the Red River Campaign during March-May 1864, including the final battle in the southern phase of this campaign at Pleasant Hill. They then slung their knapsacks and went back north into Arkansas in time to fight at Jenkins' Ferry on April 30, 1864. The regiment saw little additional combat during the rest of the war, and eventually surrendered with General Kirby Smith on May 26, 1865.

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