36th Arkansas Infantry Regiment

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I-L

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Organized by individual companies throughout June of 1862, and organized originally as the 28th Arkansas Infantry Regiment on July 11, 1862 under the command of Colonel Danridge McRae. Field Officers were Lt. Col. Walter C. Robinson and Major John E. Glenn. Initially assigned (along with the 26th, 30th, and 32nd Arkansas) to form a brigade in Shoup's Division in MG Thomas Hindman's 1st Corps of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi.. Colonel McRae was given command of the brigade, and Major Glenn was elected colonel in his stead. The brigade fought in the battle of Prairie Grove on December 7-8, 1862. After the retreat from Prairie Grove to Van Buren, McRae's Brigade was ultimately reassigned to General Sterling Price's division, and command passed to Brig. Gen. T.J. Churchill. During this time, the regiment was reorganized and renamed as the 36th Arkansas Infantry. On July 4, 1863, the brigade and the 36th Arkansas served in the attack on the federal post at Helena, Arkansas, and subsequently in the defense of Little Rock in September, 1863. On September 30, the 36th Arkansas was consolidated into five companies. The brigade, now under the command of Lucian Gause and composed of the 26th, 32nd, and 36th Arkansas regiments, spent the winter of 1863 southwest of Little Rock, and then was sent south with General Churchill's Arkansas Infantry Division to Shreveport, Louisiana in the early spring of 1864 to assist General Kirby Smith's army in countering Union General Nathaniel Banks' advance along the Red River. After fighting in the battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, Churchill's Division and Kirby Smith then marched back to Arkansas to assist General Price in dealing with the other half of the Red River campaign, Union Gen'l Frederick Steele's Camden Expedition moving southwest from Little Rock. The Division and Hawthorn's Brigade arrived in time to join the pursuit of Steele's army as it retreated from Camden, and join in the attack on Steele as he tried to cross the Saline River at Jenkins' Ferry on April 30, 1864. Gause's Brigade returned to the vicinity of Camden following Jenkins' Ferry, and saw no substantial combat for the remainder of the war. In September, 1864, the 36th was reassigned to General Roane's 1st Arkansas Brigade. The regiment ultimately surrendered with Kirby Smith's army on May 26, 1865.

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