5th Arkansas Infantry Regiment


Field & Staff--Unassigned

Organized for one year's state service at Gainesville on June 28, 1861, and transferred to Confederate service on July 17, 1861 at Pocahontas, assigned to Hardee's Division. Moved through Pittman's Ferry to Kentucky where Hardee's Division became the Army of Central Kentucky. Assigned to Hindman's (later Liddell's) brigade, Army of Mississippi in March, 1862 where it performed rear area security duties near Corinth during the Battle of Shiloh on Apr. 6-7 and in the defensive works surrounding Corinth and the campaign in that vicinity from April through June of that year. Participated in battles of Perryville, KY in October of 1862. In December, 1862, reassigned to Cleburne's Division where it fought in the battles of Stones River (Dec. 31, 1862-Jan 3, 1863), Tullahoma Campaign in June, 1863; Liberty Gap (June 24-26, 1863), Chickamauga (Sep 19-20, 1863); Siege of Chattanooga (Sep.-Nov. 1863); Battle of Chattanooga, Ringgold Gap, Dalton, Resaca, the Atlanta Campaign, New Hope Church, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, and the siege of Atlanta. Consolidated with the 15th Arkansas Infantry in the spring of 1864. Regiment and colors were captured at Jonesboro, Georgia on Sept. 1, 1864, and exchanged approximately 1 month later. Rejoined Cleburne's Division for Hood's Tennessee Campaign where it fought at Spring Hill, Franklin, and Nashville. Engaged in the Carolinas Campaign in early 1865, and at the last battle of the Army of Tennessee at Bentonville on March 19-21, 1865. Survivors were consolidated along with those of the 1st, 2nd, 6th, 7th, 8th, 13th, 15th, 19th (Dawson's) and 24th Arkansas Infantry and the 3rd Confederate Regiment (formerly Marmaduke's 18th Arkansas Infantry) to form the 1st Infantry Regiment (Consolidated) at Smithfield, NC on April 9th, 1865. Surrendered two weeks later with LTG Joe Johnston's Army of Tennessee near Durham, North Carolina.

Officers: Col. David C. Cross Field Officers: Maj. T.W. Ellsberry, Col. Lucious Featherton, Maj (later Lt.Col. and Col.) Peter V. Green, Lt. Col. E.A. Howell, Lt. Col. (later Col.) John E. Murray, Maj. Riddick Pope, Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Sweeney

Officially, in the final days of the War, the Fifth Arkansas Infantry was consolidated with the First, Second, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Thirteenth, Fifteenth (Cleburne's/ Patton's/ Polk's/Josey's), Nineteenth, and Twenty-Fourth Arkansas Infantry and the Third Confederate States Infantry to form the First (Howell"s) Arkansas Consolidated Infantry.

5th Infantry Regiment, recruited in the Pine Bluff area, was assembled at Gainesville, Arkansas, in July, 1861. The regiment was transferred to Bowling Green, Kentucky, then fought at Perryville. It was assigned to General Liddell's and Govan's Brigade, and consolidated with the 13th Arkansas Regiment in September, 1863. The unit participated in the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesborough to Nashville, then saw action in North Carolina. It was organized with 722 officers and men and lost forty-two percent of the 336 at Murfreesboro. The 5th/13th lost forty-five percent of the 450 engaged at Chickamauga, had 21 men disabled at Ringgold Gap, totalled 321 men and 222 arms in December, 1863, and reported 112 casualties at the Battle of Atlanta. Only a remnant surrendered in April, 1865. The field officers were David C. Cross, Lucius Featherston, Peter V. Green, and J. E. Murray; Lieutenant Colonels E. A. Howell and B. F. Sweeney; and Majors T. W. Ellsberry and Riddick Pope.

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