Adam Rankin "Stovepipe" Johnson
Adam Rankin "Stovepipe" Johnson, a native of Henderson, Kentucky, was born on February 8, 1834. At the age of twenty he emigrated to Burnet County, Texas, then the far frontier, where he became noted as surveyor, Indian fighter, and Overland Mail station contractor. Returning to the east in 1861, he served as a scout for Bedford Forrest, and later escaped from Fort Donelson with General John B. Floyd. His subsequent exploits as a partisan ranger within the Federal lines in Kentucky earned him the commission of colonel in August 1862, and brigadier general to rank from June 1, 1864. One of Johnson's most amazing exploits was his capture of the town of Newburgh, Indiana, from a large Union detachment, with the help of twelve men and two joints of stovepipe mounted on the running gear of a decrepit wagon. This adventure won him the nickname by which he became known throughout the South. When John H. Morgan's forces were surrounded and cut off at Buffington's Island during the raid into Indiana and Ohio, Johnson and a number of his command escaped by swimming the Ohio River. On August 21, 1864, while attacking at daylight a Federal encampment at Grubbs Crossroads, in Caldwell County, Kentucky, he was accidentally shot by his own men; both of his eyes were destroyed. Totally blind, he located again in Texas after the war and lived nearly sixty years, founding the town of Marble Falls, and becoming one of the most prominent figures in Central Texas. His death occurred at Burnet, Texas, October 20, 1922, in his eighty-ninth year. He is buried in Austin.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.