Albert Gallatin Blanchard


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Albert Gallatin Blanchard, a native of Charlestown, Massachusetts, was born on September 10, 1810. Graduated from West Point in 1829, he served in the old army until 1840, when he resigned and took up residence in New Orleans, where, except for service in the Mexican and Civil Wars, he remained the rest of his life. He was variously occupied as schoolteacher, merchant, civil engineer, and railroad executive; and from 1866 until his death, as assistant city surveyor. Blanchard entered Confederate service as colonel of the 1st Louisiana Volunteer Infantry, and was promoted brigadier general on September 21, 1861. His war record seems to have been undistinguished, his activities after 1862 being mainly confined to camps of instruction and conscript duty. He was ordered to report to General Kirby Smith at Alexandria, Louisiana, in February 1863, but was again without a command by that August. In May 1864 he was a member of the court of inquiry for General S. M. Barton. General Richard Taylor maintained that he was utterly incompetent, at the same time that General Blanchard, in a letter to Secretary of War Seddon, was deploring his (Blanchard's) condemnation to a state of "disgraceful idleness." The evidence is difficult to evaluate. He died in New Orleans, June 21, 1891, and is buried there in St. Louis Cemetery No. 2.

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Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.