Alfred Jefferson Vaughan, Jr.

Brigadier General

Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

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Alfred Jefferson Vaughan, Jr., was born in Dinwiddie County, Virginia, May 10, 1830, and was graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1851. A civil engineer, he was a deputy U. S. surveyor in Southern California for a time. Later he was private secretary to Alfred Cumming of Georgia (uncle of General Alfred Cumming, C.S.A.), who was engaged in making a treaty with the Indians of the upper Missouri River on behalf of the Northern Pacific Railroad. After living on a farm in Marshall County, Mississippi, where he had settled in 1856, Vaughan entered Confederate service as captain of the Dixie Rifles of Moscow, Tennessee. He had previously been unable to secure arms for a company he had recruited in Mississippi. Soon elected lieutenant colonel of the 13th Tennessee Infantry (and later colonel), he fought in every battle of the West under Generals Leonidas   Polk, Sidney Johnston, Bragg, and J. E. Johnston from Belmont to an affair at Vining Station, Georgia, during the Atlanta campaign, where his leg was blown off by a shell. He had previously had eight horses killed under him, but personally escaped unscathed until the incident referred to. Vaughan had been commissioned brigadier general to rank from November 18, 1863, and at the time he was wounded, he was in command of General Preston Smith's old brigade. After the war he returned to Mississippi, where he engaged in farming until 1872, and became prominent in the Grange movement. Removing to Memphis in that year, General Vaughan was elected clerk of the criminal court of Shelby County and re­elected in 1882. In 1897 he became commander of the Tennessee Division, United Confederate Veterans, a post which he held until his death in Indianapolis, Indiana, October 1, 1899. He is buried in Memphis.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.