Alpheus Baker was born in Abbeville District, South Carolina, May 28, 1828. He was educated by his scholarly father, and began to teach school himself before he was sixteen. He settled in Eufaula, Alabama, in 1848, and was admitted to the Alabama bar the year following. A member of the state constitutional convention in 1861, he resigned his seat to enlist as a private in the Eufaula Rifles, a company which subsequently became a part of the 1st Alabama Infantry, and of which Baker was elected captain. After rising to colonel of the 54th Alabama Infantry, he was captured at Island No. 10, but was later exchanged. He served in the Vicksburg campaign under General William W. Loring, and was severely wounded at the battle of Baker's Creek. Promoted brigadier general on March 5, 1864, he participated in the Atlanta campaign, and was again wounded in the attack of S. D. Lee's corps at Ezra Church. After service in the Department of the Gulf, his brigade took part in the closing campaign in the Carolinas, and at Bentonville captured 204 of the enemy. General Baker returned to his law practice after the surrender. In 1878 he moved to Louisville, Kentucky, where he died October 2, 1891, and where he is buried.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.