Archibald Gracie, Jr.
Archibald Gracie, Jr., a native of New York City, was born December 1, 1832, and was educated in Heidelberg, Germany, and at West Point, from which he was graduated in 1854. He resigned from the army in 1856 to enter business with his father, then a merchant in Mobile. The same year he married Josephine Mayo of Richmond. As captain of the Washington Light Infantry, a Mobile militia company, Gracie entered Confederate service in the 3rd Alabama Infantry. After being promoted major of the 11th Alabama, he recruited the 43rd Alabama in the spring of 1862 and was elected its colonel. He was promoted brigadier from November 4, 1862, and served in East Tennessee, in the Kentucky campaign, and at Chickamauga, where his brigade sustained some seven hundred casualties in two hours. He was subsequently severely wounded at Bean's Station, but recovered in time to serve under General Beauregard in Virginia in the campaign of May 1864. From then until his death his brigade was on duty in the Petersburg trenches. On December 2, 1864, while observing the enemy through a telescope, General Gracie was instantly killed by an exploding shell. The other members of his family, including his father, adhered to the Union and resided in New York during the war. The cordial relations which existed between father and son until General Gracie's death, furnish one of the striking examples of the divided allegiance which rent families of the period. The general is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, New York City.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.