Armistead Lindsay Long
Armistead Lindsay Long was born in Campbell County, Virginia, September 3, 1825. He was graduated from West Point in the class of 1850, and served in the artillery until May 20, 1861. At this time he was made aide-de-camp to his father-in-law, Brigadier General Edwin V. Sumner, U.S.A., whose daughter Long had married the previous year. He nevertheless resigned his commission on June 10, and was appointed major of artillery in the Confederate service. First attached to the staff of General Loring in Western Virginia, he was soon ordered to report to General R. E. Lee in Charleston. When Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia, Long became his military secretary with rank of colonel. Their intimate association resulted in Long's Avriting after the war one of the ablest contemporary biographies of Lee. Although nominally a staff officer, and indispensable at headquarters, Long's superior judgment in the posting and effective use of batteries, finally caused Lee to assign him to command of the artillery of the 2nd Corps. He was commissioned brigadier general of artillery on September 21, 1863. From that time he served with the 2nd Corps until the end, and was paroled at Appomattox. General Long was appointed chief engineer of a Virginia canal company, but became totally blind in 1870. Using a slate he wrote his Lee biography as well as a number of articles for various historical publications. He died at Charlottesville, Virginia, April 29, 1891, where his wife had been appointed postmistress by President Grant. He is buried in Charlottesville.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.