Arnold Elzey

Major General

Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.

Headstones: Find-a-Grave

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Arnold Elzey (Jones) was born at "Elmwood," Somerset County, Maryland, on December 18, 1816. He was graduated from West Point in 1837, at that time dropping his patronymic for his more distinctive middle name. He served first in one of the periodic Seminole uprisings, won a brevet for gallantry in Mexico, and was in command of the United States arsenal at Augusta, Georgia, at the outbreak of the Civil War. Resigning his commission of captain, 2nd Artillery, on April 25, 1861, he entered the Confederate Army as colonel of the 1st Maryland Infantry. He was promoted brigadier general for his services at the battle of First Manassas. He also distinguished himself during the Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1862 and in the beginning of the Seven Days' fighting around Richmond, where he was desperately wounded and incapacitated for many months. Upon his partial recovery,  he was commissioned major general on December 4, 1862, and was given command of the Department of Richmond, where he organized the Local Defense Brigade of government clerks. Towards the end of the war he acted as chief of artillery for the Army of Tennessee for a time, but apparently did not take part in the invasion of Tennessee under General Hood. He was paroled at Washington, Georgia, on May 9, 1865. He spent the remaining five years of his life on a small farm in Anne Arundel County, dying in Baltimore, February 21, 1871, where he is buried in Green Mount Cemetery.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.