Arthur Middleton Manigault
Arthur Middleton Manigault was born at Charleston, South Carolina, October 26, 1824. After finishing elementary school, he entered the commission business with which he was identified until the secession of his state in 1860. During the Mexican War he was a lieutenant in the Palmetto Regiment and saw service under General Winheld Scott. First elected captain of the North Santee Mounted Rifles, a local militia company, Manigault superintended the construction of batteries in Charleston harbor and was aide on the staff of General Beauregard during the attack on Fort Sumter, with rank of lieutenant colonel. As colonel of the 10th South Carolina Infantry he commanded the first military district of the state; after the battle of Shiloh he was ordered west with his regiment. From then on his services were with the Army of Tennessee. He took a gallant part in the campaigns of that army, from the occupation of Corinth to the battle of Franklin in November 1864, where he was wounded in the head and incapacitated for further duty. His commission of brigadier general dated from April 26, 1863. At the close of the war he became a rice planter, and in 1880 was elected adjutant and inspector general of South Carolina, an office which he held until his death. From the long-continued effects of his old wound General Manigault died at South Island, Georgetown County, South Carolina, on August 17, 1886. He is buried in Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.