Barnard Elliott Bee

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Barnard Elliott Bee, a native of Charleston, South Carolina, and a brother of General Hamilton P. Bee, was born February 8, 1824. Although his father had expatriated himself by moving to the then Republic of Texas and becoming its secretary of state, young Bee was appointed to West Point "at large" and was graduated there in 1845. He was twice brevetted for gallantry in Mexico and was presented a sword by the state of South Carolina for his services. He resigned his commission as captain in the 10th Infantry on March 3, 1861. His first Confederate service was as lieutenant colonel of the 1st South Carolina Regulars, an artillery regiment. On June 17, 1861 he was appointed brigadier general and assigned to the command of a brigade in the army mobilized at Manassas Junction. His troops sustained the impetus of the initial Federal assault in the memorable battle of July 21, 1861, during which Bee is said to have applied (with an entirely different implication according to at least one source), General T. J. Jackson's sobriquet of "Stonewall." The necessity of holding raw levies to their work required desperate exertions and reckless exposure on the part of the officers. Bee fell mortally wounded just as the tide began to turn in favor of the Confederates, and died the following day (July 22, 1861) in the small cabin near the battlefield, which had been his headquarters. His name was confirmed at the grade of brigadier by the Provisional Congress more than a month later. General Bee is buried in Pendleton, South Carolina.

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Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.