Bradley Tyler Johnson
(1829-1903)

Brigadier General

Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

Previous Page

Bradley Tyler Johnson was born at Frederick, Maryland, September 29, 1829. He was graduated at Princeton in 1849, studied law, and was admitted to the Maryland bar in 1851. During the next ten years he gained some prominence as state's attorney, chairman of the state Democratic committee, and delegate to the conventions of 1860 at Charleston and Baltimore, where he staunchly supported John C. Breckinridge. He aided in the recruitment of the 1st Maryland (Confederate) Infantry, and served with it as major and colonel at First Manassas, in Jackson's Valley campaign, and during the Seven Days. An able officer, recognition of his services was long in coming from Richmond. This was mainly due, it can be presumed, to the non­existence of Maryland units. Nonetheless, he was assigned to various important field duties by his superior officers. After the death of General William E. Jones he was promoted brigadier general on June 28, 1864. While serving under General McCausland he executed General Early's orders to McCausland to burn the town of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. This act was in retaliation for excesses committed by General David Hunter in the Shenandoah. Because of heavy losses in the cavalry of Early's command and resultant consolidation, Johnson, in effect a "foreigner," spent the last months of the war at Salisbury, North Carolina, in charge of the prison stockade. Thereafter he practiced law in Richmond and served four years in the Virginia senate until 1879, when he removed to Baltimore. The last years of his life were occupied in writing a number of historical and legal works. He died at Amelia, Virginia, October 5, 1903, and is buried in Loudon Park Cemetery, Baltimore.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.