Braxton Bragg
(1817-1876)

General

Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

Headstones: Find-a-Grave

Previous Page

Braxton Bragg was born in Warrenton, North Carolina, March 22, 1817, and was a graduate of West Point in the class of 1837. He fought against the Seminoles and served gallantly in the Mexican War. After further routine duty, he resigned his lieutenant colonelcy in 1856 to become a planter in Louisiana. On March 7, 1861 he was appointed and confirmed brigadier general in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States and assigned to command the coast from Pensacola to Mobile. He was promoted major general, September 12, 1861, and assumed command of A. S. Johnston's 2nd Corps, which he led at Shiloh. Upon Johnston's death in that battle, he was appointed, and confirmed the same day, a general in the Regular Army to rank from April 6, 1862. In June he replaced P. G. T. Beauregard as commander of the Army of Tennessee, which he led in the abortive invasion of Kentucky, August to October 1862, ending in defeat at Perryville at the hands of D. C. Buell. He was again forced to withdraw before W. S. Rosecrans following the battle of Murfreesboro in early January 1863. After his success at Chickamauga, he besieged Chattanooga, but in November, General U. S. Grant forced him to retire into Georgia, and he yielded command at his own request to J. E. Johnston. An especial favorite of President Davis, Bragg was called to Richmond, where he was charged, under the direction of the President, "with the conduct of the military operations in the armies of the Confederacy." During this period he was, technically at least, superior to his contemporaries in grade, although junior by date of commission. After General Lee's appointment as general in chief, Bragg saw service in North Carolina under Johnston. He became chief engineer of Alabama post bellum, and later moved to Galveston, Texas, where he fell dead, September 27, 1876, while walking down the street with a friend. He is buried in Mobile, Alabama. The argument as to his military capabilities, which began during the war, has not ceased to this day.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.