Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox

Major General

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.

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Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox, a native of Wayne County, North Carolina, was born May 29, 1824, but grew up in Tipton County, Tennessee. He attended the University of Nashville before his appointment to West Point in 1842. He was graduated and commissioned in 1846. His record in the Mexican War was most gallant, and he received the brevet of 1st lieutenant at Chapultepec. He published Rifles and Rifle Practice in 1859. On June 8, 1861 he resigned, and fought at First Manassas as colonel of the 9th Alabama Infantry. He was promoted to brigadier general on October 21, 1861. From then until the surrender at Appomattox, Wilcox was present with the Army of Northern Virginia at virtually all of its major battles. He was made major general after the Gettysburg campaign to rank from August 3, 1863, and assumed command of Pender's old division. Although his conduct was uniformly reliable and his dispositions skillful, perhaps his most notable contribution to the cause was his last ditch defense of Fort Gregg on the Petersburg lines on April 2, 1865. Wilcox's support enabled Longstreet to get into position to cover the army's retreat westward. After the war, General Wilcox settled in Washington, and in 1886 was appointed by President Cleveland chief of the railroad division of the Land Office, a position he retained until his death on December 2, 1890. General Wilcox was universally esteemed in the North as well as in the South. Four of the pallbearers at his funeral were former general officers of the United States Army and four were erstwhile general officers of the Confederacy. He is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.