Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album. http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html
Camille Armand Jules Marie, Prince de Polignac, was born at Millemont, Seine-et-Oise, France, February 16, 1832. He was the son of the president of King Charles X's council of ministers and an English mother. Educated at the College of Stanislaus in Paris, he entered the 3rd Regiment of Chasseurs in 1853, served with the 4th Hussars in the Crimea, and then with rank of lieutenant transferred to the 4th Chasseurs. He secured his discharge in 1859, and was in Central America at the outbreak of the Civil War. He immediately offered himself to the Confederate cause. On July 16, 1861 he was commissioned lieutenant colonel and served on the staffs of Generals Beauregard and Bragg in the spring and summer of 1862. He was promoted brigadier general on January 10, 1863, and major general from April 8, 1864. Polignac's later service was principally in Louisiana in the army of General Richard Taylor, where he largely distinguished himself in the battles of Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, and the other engagements of the Red River campaign. Toward the end of the war he was sent to France by the Confederate government to secure the intervention of Napoleon III. He ran the blockade on March 17, 1865, and the war ended shortly after his arrival in Spain. He devoted himself thereafter to the study of mathematics and political economy, but led the 1st (French) Division in the Franco-Prussian War, and was awarded the Legion of Honor. During the remainder of a long life he was engaged in the study of mathematics, in which field he achieved considerable reputation. His death in Paris, November 15, 1913, marked the passing of the last survivor of the major generals of the Confederacy. He was buried in Frankfort-on-Main, Germany.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.