Charles Sidney Winder
Charles Sidney Winder, a native of Maryland, was born in Talbot County on October 18, 1829. He was a graduate of the United States Military Academy in the class of 1850. En route to Panama on a troop ship in the year 1854, he showed such heroism during a hurricane in the Atlantic that he was promoted captain on March 3, 1855, supposedly the youngest at that time in the United States service. He resigned his commission on April 1, 1861, and was appointed a major of artillery in the Regular Confederate Army to rank from March 16. After taking part in the reduction of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, he was commissioned colonel of the 6th South Carolina Infantry on July 8. The same month, he reached the battlefield of First Manassas with his regiment too late to take part in the engagement. He was promoted brigadier general in the Provisional Army to rank from March 1, 1862 and was assigned to the command of what later became known as the "Stonewall Brigade" in Jackson's division. This brigade of five Virginia regiments he led throughout the celebrated Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1862. Subsequently he accompanied Jackson to Richmond, where he took a most gallant part in the battles of the Seven Days, and was prominent in the attack at Gaines's Mill. In the preliminaries to the campaign of Second Manassas, and while commanding Jackson's division (Stonewall himself was in command of the corps), Winder was frightfully mangled by a shell at Cedar Mountain on August 9, 1862, and died within a few hours. General Winder was one of the most capable officers in the army, and his loss was officially lamented by both Generals Lee and Jackson in their reports. He is buried at Wye House near Easton, Maryland.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.