Daniel Gould Fowle

Daniel Gould Fowle, brigadier general of North Carolina militia, was born on March 3, 1831, in Washington, North Carolina, the son of Samuel and Martha (March) Fowle. He was a descendant of George Fowle, who emigrated from England to Massachusetts in 1638.  Daniel's father had moved from Massachusetts to North Carolina in 1815 and become a wealthy merchant. As a young man Fowle had a brilliant scholastic career, first in the celebrated Bingham Academy, and later at Princeton University, where he was a member of the literary society and a junior orator. Graduating from Princeton in 1851, he studied law and soon commenced  a law practice in Raleigh.

An opponent of secession, at the start of the war Fowle nonetheless volunteered as a private. Appointed major in the commissary branch of the state military department, he resigned his post to help raise the 31st North Carolina Infantry. Fowle was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 31st on September 9, 1861. Fowle and his regiment were captured on Roanoke Island in February, 1862. He was paroled two weeks later. In September, 1862, Fowle was defeated in the election for colonel of the 31st and subsequently severed his connection with the Confederate army. In October, 1862, he was elected to represent Wake County in the state legislature. After the legislature adjourned on March 13, 1863, Governor Zebulon Vance appointed Fowle adjutant general of North Carolina with the rank of major general. Governor Vance and Fowle worked diligently to rearm the state and reorganize its local defense troops. However, when the governor revoked one of Fowle's orders the latter, in a fit of oversensitivity, felt it was a reflection on his conduct and on August 26, 1863, resigned his post. Fowle continued with his duties through the fall of 1863, until a successor was named. The next year Fowle was reelected to the legislature.

In 1865 Reconstruction Governor Holden appointed Fowle as judge of the Superior Court. He resigned this post rather than carry out the Reconstruction orders of the military commanders in North Carolina. Fowle carried on his law practice and became prominent in the Democratic party. Elected state Democratic chairman in 1868, Fowle was an unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1880 and for Congress in 1884- In 1888 his efforts were finally rewarded with a nomination for governor by the "liberal" faction of Democrats and subsequent election. Upon taking office Fowle created a state railroad commission to protect farmers and pushed education for women. Governor Fowle died in office on April 8, 1891. He is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh.

Fowle is listed as a general of North Carolina state troops in Clark's Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War, 1861-1865.

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Reference:  More Generals in Gray.  Bruce S. Allardice.  A companion volume to Generals in Gray.  Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge. LA.