David Emanuel Twiggs

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

David Emanuel Twiggs, the oldest officer of the old army to take up arms for the Confederacy, was born in Richmond County, Georgia in 1790. He had a long and distinguished career in the United States service. Commissioned a captain in the 8th Infantry on March 12, 1812, he took a gallant part in our second war with England. He was promoted to major of the 28th Infantry in 1814. At the outbreak of the Mexican War he had attained the rank of colonel of the 2nd Dragoons, and almost at once, was promoted brigadier general. For his services in that conflict, particularly at the storming of Monterey, he received the brevet of major general and the presentation of a sword by resolution of Congress. On December 31, 1860 Twiggs was one of the four general officers of the line on the army roster, the others being Winfield Scott, John E. Wool, and William S. Harney. At the time he was in command of the Department of Texas. His Southern sympathies soon after induced him to surrender the military forces and stores under his command to Colonel (later General) Ben McCulloch, representing the state of Texas, an act for which he was dismissed from the United States service on March 1, 1861. On May 22 following, he was appointed major general in the Provisional Army of the Confederacy, the senior officer of that grade, and assigned to command the District of Louisiana. Too old for active field service, his infirmities soon compelled his virtual retirement, and he died near Augusta, Georgia, on July 15, 1862. General Twiggs' daughter was the wife of Colonel A. C. Myers, Quartermaster General of the Confederate Army. He is buried on the property where he was born.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.

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