Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls was born at Donaldsonville, Louisiana, August 20, 1834. He was graduated from West Point in 1855, and resigned his commission the following year to study law at the University of Louisiana, now Tulane University. He was practicing at Napoleonville at the beginning of the war. He entered the Confederate Army as captain of the Phoenix Guards, but was soon elected lieutenant colonel of the 8th Louisiana. With this regiment he fought at First Manassas and in Jackson's Valley campaign, and was wounded and taken prisoner at Winchester. He lost his left arm as a result of this wound; and at Chancellorsville, his left foot was torn off by a shell. In the latter battle he was in command of one of the Louisiana brigades, having been promoted brigadier general on October 14, 1862. Unfit for further held duty, General Nicholls commanded the post at Lynchburg, Virginia, for a time, and was then in charge of the volunteer and conscript bureau of the Trans-Mississippi Department until the termination of hostilities. In 1876 his friends nominated "all that is left of General Nicholls" for Democratic governor of Louisiana. He refused to accept defeat at the hands of his Republican opponent, and was ultimately recognized by the Federal authorities after a period of dual administration in the state. He was in semi-retirement for eight years after the expiration of his first term, and was again elected governor in 1888 and served until 1892. During this term he aided in suppressing the notorious Louisiana Lottery. From then until a year before his death on his plantation near Thibodeaux, General Nicholls was either associate or chief justice of the Louisiana supreme court. He retired in 1911, and died on January 4, 1912. He is buried in Thibodeaux.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.