James Barbour Terrill

James Barbour Terrill, a brother of the Federal General William R. Terrill who was killed at the battle of Perryville in 1862, was born in Bath County, Virginia, February 20, 1838. Graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1858, he studied law in Lexington and was practicing in Warm Springs at the outbreak of war. He was elected major of the 13th Virginia in May 1861, and served at First Manassas, in Jackson's Valley campaign of 1862, during the Seven Days battles, and at Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, and Fredericksburg. Meanwhile he was promoted lieutenant colonel, and then colonel of his regiment to rank from May 15, 1863. The latter promotion came after the battle of Chancellorsville. General Early said of his command that it "was never required to take a position that they did not take it, nor to hold one that they did not hold it." After fighting at Gettysburg and in the subsequent operations of the 2nd Corps in 1863, Ter-rill's 13th Virginia entered the campaign of 1864 as a part of Pegram's brigade of Early's division. It took a gallant part in the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House. At the beginning of the engagements which terminated with the repulse of Grant at Cold Harbor on June 3, 1864, Terrill was killed at Bethesda Church on May 30, 1864. Already nominated to the Confederate Senate as a brigadier general to rank from May 31, 1864, he was confirmed as such on the same day, the date of his appointment being June 1, 1864. He was buried by the enemy near the spot where he fell.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.

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