James Edwin Slaughter

Brigadier General

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

James Edwin Slaughter, a great-nephew of President James Madison, was born in June 1827 on his father's estate, in the center of what was later to become the battlefield of Cedar (Slaughter's) Mountain. He attended Virginia Military Institute in 1845-46, but withdrew to accept a commission in the U. S. Army at the outbreak of the Mexican War. Thereafter he remained in the army until 1861, when he was dismissed as 1st Lieutenant, 1st Artillery, on May 14. Commissioned a captain of artillery in the Confederate service, he served on Bragg's staff at Pensacola, and was promoted major in November. On the following March 8 he was appointed brigadier general in the Provisional Army and assigned as assistant inspector general to General A. S. Johnston, with whom he served at Shiloh. Performing the same duties for the latter's successors, Generals Beauregard and Bragg, he continued through the Kentucky campaign, and was then given line command at Mobile. In April 1863 he went to Galveston as chief of artillery to General Magruder and later acted as his chief of staff. General Slaughter commanded at the last engagement of the war between Union and Confederate troops near Brownsville on May 12, 1865. At the close of hostilities he lived several years in Mexico. He returned to Mobile to engage in civil engineering and to serve for a time as postmaster. Finally removing to New Orleans, he died while on a visit to Mexico City, January 1, 1901, and is buried there.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.