James Ewell Brown (JEB) Stuart


Monument: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart was born in Patrick County, Virginia, February 6, 1833, and was graduated from West Point in 1854. Most of his service in the old army was with the 1st Cavalry on the Kansas frontier. In October 1859 he was aide to Robert E. Lee in the capture of John Brown at Harpers Ferry. When Virginia seceded he resigned his lieutenancy to enter Confederate service as colonel of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. He was assigned to J. E. Johnston in the Shenandoah and became famous almost at once for his exploits. At First Manassas in July he fought gallantly, and was promoted brigadier on September 24, 1861. Before the Seven Days battles he was ordered by Lee to reconnoiter McClellan's right flank; he obtained the information in daring fashion by riding completely around McClellan's army. Promoted major general on July 25, 1862, he was placed over the Cavalry Division (later Corps) of the Army of Northern Virginia a command he held until his death. He proved himself a premier intelligence officer, combining the highest skill and intrepidity; the only controversial items on his record sprang from the boldness that marked his every undertaking. In a raid on General Pope's communications he not only seized a large quantity of stores but also obtained documents giving the strength and disposition of the Union forces. In August 1862 he performed brilliantly in the action leading up to and during the battle of Second Manassas. In the Maryland campaign he detained the enemy at Crampton's Gap until Lee was ready to meet McClellan's army. At Fredericksburg Stuart's horse artillery rendered valuable service in checking the attack on Stonewall Jackson's corps. He moved with Jackson at Chancellorsville in the famous flank attack on General Hooker. In this battle Stuart was given command of the 2nd Corps after both Jackson and A. P. Hill had been wounded. One of Stuart's fiercest engagements took place at Brandy Station before the Gettysburg campaign. He was absent on a raid during the march into Pennsylvania this owing to ambiguous instructions from Lee and Longstreet which gave Stuart considerable latitude of action; and he did not arrive on the field of Gettysburg until the battle had opened. Had the "eyes of the army" been present during the campaign, it is generally supposed that the conduct of operations would have been measurably different on the part of Lee. Certainly the engagement would not have been fought where it was. Continuing to distinguish himself through the winter of 1863-64, Stuart was mortally wounded on May 11, 1864, after having intercepted Sheridan's raid at Yellow Tavern in front of Richmond. He died the following day in the Confederate capital and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery there. Like his intimate friend, Stonewall Jackson, General Stuart soon became a legendary figure, ranking as one of the great cavalry commanders of America. His death marked the beginning of the decline of the superiority which the Confederate horse had enjoyed over that of the Union. Stuart was a son-in-law of Brigadier General Philip St. George Cooke of the Federal service; his wife's brother was Brigadier General John Rogers Cooke of the Confederacy.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.