James Johnston Pettigrew
(1828-1863)

Brigadier General

Monument: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

James Johnston Pettigrew was born at "Bonarva," the family home in Tyrrell County, North Carolina, on July 4, 1828. He entered the University of North Carolina at the age of fifteen. His scholastic career was so brilliant, that upon his graduation in 1847, President Polk tendered him an appointment as assistant professor at the Naval Observatory in Washington. After two years there he commenced the study of law. He traveled abroad, and later practiced in Charleston. He was elected to the South Carolina legislature in 1856. As a colonel of militia in 1861, he saw service in Charleston harbor during the fateful days of April, and subsequently enlisted in the Hampton Legion. Soon elected colonel of the 12th South Carolina, Pettigrew went to Virginia and after some protest on his own part, accepted a commission as brigadier general to rank from February 26, 1862. He served under Joseph E. Johnston in the Peninsular campaign, and was severely wounded and captured at Seven Pines. Upon his exchange two months later, he served for a time in command of the defenses of Petersburg and in North Carolina. His brigade was in Heth's division of A. P. Hill's corps during the Gettysburg campaign. After the wounding of his immediate superior, he commanded the division, and was conspicuous in the attack of the third day against the Federal center. General Pettigrew was in command of a portion of the rear guard during the retreat to the Potomac; he was fatally wounded shortly before noon on July 14, 1863 at Falling Waters, Maryland, by a sudden dash of Federal cavalry. He died three days later near Bunker Hill, Virginia, and was buried at "Bonarva."

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.