James Morrison Hawes
James Morrison Hawes was born in Lexington, Kentucky, January 7, 1824, and was graduated from West Point in the class of 1845. He won the brevet of 1st lieutenant in Mexico. His later service in the old army was marked by a two-year tour of duty at the cavalry school in Saumur, France. For a time at the beginning of the Civil War, he was colonel of the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry, but resigned to accept a commission as major in the Regular Confederate Army. At the request of General Albert Sidney Johnston, he was promoted brigadier general in the Provisional Army, to rank from March 5, 1862, and assumed command of the cavalry in the Western Department of the Confederacy. Relieved at his own request after the battle of Shiloh, Hawes subsequently commanded a brigade in John C. Breckinridge's division, served in Arkansas under General T. H. Holmes, led an infantry brigade at Milliken's Bend during the Vicksburg campaign, and in 1864 was in charge of the troops and fortifications on Galveston Island, Texas. When the war ended, General Hawes settled in Covington, Kentucky, where he engaged in the hardware business until his death, November 22, 1889. He is buried in Highland Cemetery, Covington.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.