James Patton Anderson

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

James Patton Anderson, a native of Tennessee, was born in Franklin County on February 16, 1822.  Anderson's antebellum career was one of varied pursuits. He first studied and practiced medicine in Hernando County, Mississippi, from which locality he raised and commanded the 1st Battalion Mississippi Rifles in the Mexican War with rank of lieutenant colonel. After a term in the Mississippi legislature, he was appointed by President Pierce United States marshal for Washington Territory, which he was presently elected to represent as Delegate to Congress. The outbreak of the war found him in Florida, a member of the state secession convention. Appointed colonel of the 1st Florida Infantry, his initial service was with General Bragg at Pensacola. Promoted brigadier general on February 10, 1862, he fought gallantly at Shiloh and commanded a division at Perryville. His brigade especially distinguished itself at Murfreesboro. Again in division command at Chickamauga and Chattanooga, he was promoted major general to rank from February 17, 1864. In command of the District of Florida during the first part of the Atlanta campaign, he was recalled to the Army of Tennessee in time to participate in the battles of Ezra Church and Jonesboro, where he was severely wounded. He rejoined the army in North Carolina and surrendered with it at Greensboro. After the war General Anderson conducted a farm paper in Memphis and was collector of state taxes for Shelby County. He died at Memphis on September 20, 1872, and is buried there.

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Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.