James Webb Throckmorton

James Webb Throckmorton, brigadier general of Texas state troops, was born on February 1, 1825, in Sparta in White County, Tennessee, the son of Dr. William E. and Jane (Roton) Throckmorton. He moved with his father to Collin County, Texas, in 1841- Throckmorton studied medicine in Princeton, Kentucky, and then returned to Collin County to practice his profession. In 1843 Throckmorton served as sergeant of a ranger company and during the Mexican War served as a private and surgeon. Subsequently he studied law and commenced practice in McKinney, Texas. An old-line Whig, Throckmorton was elected to the State house in 1851, serving six years, and to the state senate in 1857, serving until 1861.

Elected to represent Collin County in the 1861 Texas Secession Convention, Throckmorton, "personally the most popular man in [the convention]," nevertheless was one of only seven delegates to vote against the ordinance of secession. However, unlike fellow oppositionists A. J. Hamilton and E. J. Davis, Throckmorton went with his state. His first Confederate service was as lieutenant colonel of William C. Young's regiment, a state unit that occupied abandoned army forts at the beginning of the war. In September, 1861, Throckmorton was commissioned captain of Company K of Stone's 6th Texas Cavalry. He led his company at the Battles of Chustenahlah and Pea Ridge. On May 25, 1862, he was discharged from the army because of ill health. Rejoining the reorganized 6th Texas with the rank of major in February, 1863, he fought in Louisiana until again invalided and discharged on September 12, 1863. In late 1863 Throckmorton was elected to the state senate. Governor Murrah, on March 1, 1864, appointed Throckmorton brigadier general of Third District Texas state troops, with headquarters at Bornham, Texas. Major General John B. Magruder, Confederate commander in Texas, urged Throckmorton's appointment as brigadier general of the PACS, calling him "gallant and distinguished on the field." However, Magruder's recommendation was not acted upon. In December, 1864, Throckmorton was assigned by the governor to head up the First Frontier District in northwest Texas. From this post "Old Leathercoat," as he was nicknamed, was relieved in April, 1865, to become commissioner to the Indians.

Throckmorton's postwar career was most distinguished. He was elected the presiding officer of the Texas Reconstruction Convention in 1866. Later that year Throckmorton was elected governor of Texas, serving until 1867, when he was removed on orders of General Phil Sheridan, commander of the Federal forces of occupation in Texas. Subsequently Throckmorton returned to Collin County and his law practice. In 1875 General Throckmorton was elected to the U.S. Congress, serving from 1875 to 1879 and 1883 to 1887, and was an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. Senate in 1888. General Throckmorton died in McKinney on April 21, 1894, and is buried in Pecan Grove Cemetery.

Throckmorton's rank of general in the Texas state army qualifies him to be considered a Confederate general.

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Reference: More Generals in Gray. Bruce S. Allardice. A companion volume to Generals in Gray. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge. LA.