Jean Jacques Alfred Alexander Mouton was born at Opelousas, Louisiana, February 18, 1829, the son of the ex-Governor and United States Senator, Alexander Mouton. Jean was brought up in the French tongue and learned to speak English only as a young man. He received his early education in the schools of Lafayette (then Vermillionville), Louisiana, and was graduated from West Point in the class of 1850. Almost immediately, he resigned to become a railroad construction engineer and brigadier general of Louisiana militia. At the beginning of the Civil War he recruited a company in Lafayette Parish, and was elected colonel of the 18th Louisiana Infantry in October 1861. At the head of this regiment he rendered outstanding service at the battle of Shiloh, where he sustained a nearly fatal wound. He was promoted brigadier general to rank from April 16, 1862. After his recovery General Mouton led a brigade of Louisiana regiments in General Richard Taylor's Department, and was frequently commended by Taylor for his ability and skill. On April 8, 1864, while in command of his own brigade and that of General Prince de Polignac, he opened the battle of Mansfield in the Red River campaign against the Federal General Banks, and was killed while leading a charge. He is buried in Lafayette, Louisiana. His stepmother was a sister of General Franklin Gardner.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.