John Bell Hood


Headstone: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.

John Bell Hood, born in Owingsville, Kentucky, June 1, 1831, and graduated from West Point in the class of 1853, had by all odds the most spectacular advance in rank of any officer in Confederate service. After serving in California and Texas, he resigned his commission as 1st lieutenant in the old army on April 17, 1861. Thereafter he distinguished himself on a dozen fields as a regimental, brigade, and division commander in the Army of Northern Virginia. Promoted brigadier general to rank from March 3, 1862, he fought in the Peninsular campaign and at Second Manassas. He was appointed major general to rank from October 10, 1862, and as a division commander under General Longstreet, distinguished himself at Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg. After being severely wounded in the arm at Gettysburg and after losing a leg at Chickamauga, he was appointed lieutenant general on February 1, 1864, to rank from September 20, 1863, and assigned to a corps under J. E. Johnston, whom he ultimately superseded (July 1864). Hood was promoted full general with temporary rank on July 18, 1864. Repulsed by Sherman in the several battles of Peachtree Creek, Atlanta, Ezra Church, and Jonesboro, Hood marched his army into Tennessee. The Federal General J. M. Schofield withdrew before Hood, but finally crippled him in a bloody engagement at Franklin. Hood pressed on to Nashville, where his army was shattered by General Thomas. He was then relieved at his own request (January 1865) and reverted to his permanent rank of lieutenant general. In May he surrendered himself at Natchez, Mississippi. He later made his residence in New Orleans, where he died of yellow fever, together with his wife and one of their children, on August 30, 1879. He is buried in Metairie Cemetery in New Orleans. General Hood wrote a volume of memoirs, Advance and Retreat.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.