Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album. http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html
John Calvin Brown, a native of Giles County, Tennessee, was born on January 6, 1827, and was graduated from Jackson College at Columbia, Tennessee, in 1846. After admission to the bar, he became interested in Whig politics and was a Presidential Elector on the Bell-Everett ticket in 1860. He enlisted in the Confederate Army as a private, but was appointed colonel of the 3rd Tennessee Infantry in May 1861. Captured at Fort Donelson, he was later exchanged and promoted brigadier general, to rank from August 30, 1862, and major general from August 4, 1864. Brown followed Bragg into Kentucky and thereafter took a prominent and creditable part in all the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee until the battle of Franklin. There he was severely wounded and incapacitated for several months, having been once before wounded at Perryville. He rejoined the army in North Carolina on April 2, 1865, and was paroled a month later at Greensboro. He then resumed his law practice at Pulaski, Tennessee, and re-entered politics, becoming the first Democrat to be elected governor of the state post bellum (1870). Re-elected in 1872, he was defeated for the United States Senate in 1875 by former President Andrew Johnson. He then engaged in the railroad business, rising to the presidency of the Texas & Pacific. At the time of his death in Red Boiling Springs, Tennessee, August 17, 1889, he was president of the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Company. General Brown is buried in Pulaski.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.