Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album. http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html
John Stevens Bowen was born at Savannah, Georgia, October 30, 1830. He received his early education in Milledgeville, and was graduated from West Point in 1853. He resigned three years later to take up the profession of architect in St. Louis, where he was living at the outbreak of war. While a captain of Missouri militia and chief of staff to General D. M. Frost, Bowen was captured at Camp Jackson by the Federal General Lyon. Upon his release he organized and was appointed colonel of the 1st Missouri Infantry. His regiment first saw duty with General Polk at Columbus, Kentucky. After he was promoted brigadier to rank from March 14, 1862, Bowen's command was attached to John C. Breckinridge's division at Shiloh, where he was wounded. Participating in the Vicksburg campaign, he opposed Grant's advance at Port Gibson. For his distinguished services there he was commissioned major general to rank May 25, 1863. He fought in all the battles preceding the siege of Vicksburg, and was commended numerous times for ability and gallant conduct. His health had been undermined by dysentery contracted during the siege, and General Bowen survived the surrender only a few days. He died, a paroled prisoner of war, near Raymond, Mississippi, on July 13, 1863. Twenty-four years after his death his remains were brought to Vicksburg and re-interred in the Confederate Cemetery.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.