Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album. http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html
Joseph Horace Lewis was born near Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, October 29, 1824. He was graduated from Centre College in 1843; then studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1845. Elected three times to the Kentucky legislature, and twice defeated for Congress, Lewis discarded his original Whig principles to throw in his lot with the Confederacy. He was commissioned colonel of the 6th Kentucky Infantry in September 1861. He took part in the battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, and Chickamauga, and was commended repeatedly by General John C. Breckinridge. Upon the death of Ben Hardin Helm, he succeeded to the command of the Orphan Brigade, and was promoted brigadier general from September 30, 1863. After the capture of Atlanta the brigade was mounted and attached to Wheeler's cavalry corps, with which it served against Sherman in the march to the sea and in the Carolinas. General Lewis finally surrendered as a part of Jefferson Davis' escort, and was paroled at Washington, Georgia, on May 9, 1865. Again taking up the practice of law at Glasgow, he was elected to the state legislature in 1868, and in 1870 to Congress, and was twice reelected. In 1880 he commenced eighteen years of service on the Kentucky bench, the last four as chief justice of the court of appeals. Retiring at the expiration of his third elected term, he took no further part in public life. He resided on his farm in Scott County, and died there on July 6, 1904. He is buried in Glasgow.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.