Joseph Lewis Hogg
Joseph Lewis Hogg was born in Morgan County, Georgia, on September 13, 1806. At the age of twelve he moved with his parents to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. There he lived the life of a well-to-do planter until 1839, when he moved to Texas. He had meantime studied law, taken an interest in politics, and served in the militia. Soon elected to the eighth congress of the Texas Republic, Hogg served in the Mexican War as a private, after which he was elected to the state senate from Cherokee County, Texas, where he had settled and was practicing law. During the 1850's he actively sponsored railroad building in his adopted state, and by 1860 had attained a position of substantial prominence. Elected to the secession convention the following year, he cast his ballot to take Texas out of the Union, and was shortly occupied in organizing troops with commission of colonel from the governor. Appointed a brigadier general in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States on February 14, 1862, Hogg and his command were ordered to Corinth soon after the battle of Shiloh. Arriving there early in May 1862, he soon fell a victim to the dysentery then raging in Beauregard's camp; he died on May 16. It is stated that he never had opportunity to don a Confederate uniform, so rapidly was he stricken. First buried near Mount Holly School House, his remains were moved in 1918 to the Confederate Cemetery at Corinth. His son, James Stephen Hogg, was governor of Texas from 1892 to 1896.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.
The following is from Texas Military Images:
Joseph Lewis Hogg (1806–1862), political
leader and Confederate general, was born on September 13, 1806, in Morgan
County, Georgia. In 1818, he moved with his parents to Tuscaloosa County,
Alabama, where his family established a prosperous plantation and where Joseph
Lewis Hogg studied law, served as a colonel in the militia, and dabbled in
politics. He married Lucanda McMath in Alabama. In 1839, he moved to Cherokee
County, Texas, where he established a law practice near Nacogdoches. Soon after
his arrival, he was elected to the House of Representatives of the Eighth
Congress of the republic, in which he served in 1843–44 as a strong supporter of
Sam Houston. Adolphus Sterne, on first meeting him at this time, thought Joseph
Lewis Hogg "much more of an Intelligent man, then I had at first sight taken him
for." Joseph Lewis Hogg was a delegate to the Convention of 1845, where he
advocated annexation. He was elected to the Senate of the First Legislature in
1846, but at the outbreak of the Mexican War, he resigned and stood for election
as colonel of the Second Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers. He was defeated by
George T. Wood but remained with the regiment as a private in Capt. William F.
Sparks's Company E and participated in the capture of Monterrey.
Joseph Lewis Hogg was president of a railroad convention in Palestine in 1854. When his parents died, he inherited some twenty slaves and by 1860 had achieved a position of substantial prominence in Texas. Records of the eighth United States census showed that he owned twenty-six slaves, $9,000 in real estate, and $22,000 in personal property. He was elected to the state Secession Convention in 1860 and cast his vote to take Texas out of the Union. When Texas entered the Confederacy, Joseph Lewis Hogg ran for a seat in the Confederate Congress and lost to Franklin Barlow Sexton. He was, however, elected captain of the Lone Star Defenders, which became Company C of the Third Texas Cavalry regiment. Joseph Lewis Hogg's son Thomas E. Hogg served as a private in the company. Sgt. Samuel B. Barron of his company described Joseph Lewis Hogg as "a fine specimen of the best type of Southern manhood-tall, slender, straight as an Indian, and exceedingly dignified in his manner." Joseph Lewis Hogg soon resigned the command of his company to accept a colonel's commission from Governor Edward Clark and began the organization of East Texas troops for the Confederacy.
On February 14, 1861, he received an appointment as brigadier general in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States and was ordered to report to Gen. Benjamin McCulloch's Army of the West near Fayetteville, Arkansas. He arrived after Gen. Benjamin McCulloch's death at the disastrous Battle of Pea Ridge (Elk Horn Tavern) in early March 1862. There he was given command of a brigade consisting of Col. Elkanah Greer's Third, Col. Matthew F. Locke's Tenth, and Col. William C. Young's Eleventh regiments; R. P. Crump's battalion of dismounted Texas cavalry; Maj. Dandridge McRae's battalion of Arkansas infantry; and John J. Good's Texas battery. The brigade was transferred to Corinth, Mississippi, to reinforce the army of Gen. Pierre G. T. Beauregard. Joseph Lewis Hogg arrived soon after the Battle of Shiloh and took formal command of his brigade. Barron, who was serving at his headquarters in the quartermaster's department, found Joseph Lewis Hogg to be "rather an irritable man" whose "suspicions were easily aroused," and Beauregard soon ordered him arrested for recklessly endangering a trainload of supplies that Joseph Lewis Hogg thought imperiled by imagined treachery and nonexistent enemy soldiers. Very soon thereafter, Joseph Lewis Hogg fell victim to the dysentery that was ravaging the camp. He was moved to a private home some two or three miles from the camp and nursed there by his body servant, Bob, but died on May 16, having never donned a Confederate uniform. His brigade was later commanded by generals William Lewis Cabell and Matthew D. Ector. Mrs. Hogg died a year later, leaving four sons and two daughters.
General Joseph Lewis Hogg was buried near the Mount Holly School House in northeastern Mississippi. His remains were removed to the Confederate Cemetery at Corinth, where they were reinterred in 1918. His son, James Stephen Hogg, was governor of Texas from 1892 to 1896.