Jubal Anderson Early

Lieutenant General

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

Jubal Anderson Early was born in Franklin County, Virginia, November 3, 1816, and was graduated from West Point in 1837. After service against the Seminoles, he resigned the following year to study law and afterwards began practice in Rocky Mount, Virginia. He became a member of the house of delegates, commonwealth's attorney, and in the Mexican War was a major of Virginia volunteers. He voted against secession in the Virginia convention in April 1861, but promptly entered the Confederate Army as colonel of the 24th Virginia Infantry, which he led at the battle of First Manassas. He was promoted brigadier general to rank from July 21, 1861. He took part in all the engagements of the Army of Northern Virginia from 1862 till 1864. Promoted major general from January 17, 1863, he was prominent at Salem Church and in the Gettysburg campaign. At the Wilderness he commanded A. P. Hill's corps for a time, and was promoted lieutenant general from May 31, 1864. After the temporary retirement of General Ewell from field duty, Early was given command of the 2nd Corps, and following Cold Harbor, Lee ordered him to the Shenandoah Valley against the Federal General Hunter. He drove Hunter westward into the mountains, defeated Wallace at Monocacy (Maryland), and was before Washington on July 11, 1864. The arrival of the 6th Corps of the Army of the Potomac from Petersburg forced Early to retreat into Virginia; but he struck back across the Potomac later the same month. His cavalry conducted wide-ranging and destructive raids and burned the town of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. But in September, Early was defeated by Sheridan at Winchester and Fisher's Hill. A last surprise attack on Sheridan at Cedar Creek was repelled, and the remnant of Early's command was dispersed by General Custer at Waynesboro, Virginia, in March 1865. After the surrender he made his way to Mexico in disguise, and later returned to Lynchburg to resume his law practice. He became the first president of the Southern Historical Society, and wrote his memoirs. The later years of his life were mainly occupied in supervising the drawings of the Louisiana Lottery and in an acrimonious effort to destroy the military reputation of General Longstreet. He died and was buried at Lynchburg on March 2, 1894, "unreconstructed" to the end.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.