Louis Trezevant Wigfall

Brigadier General

Headstones: Find-a-Grave

Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

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Louis Trezevant Wigfall was born near Edgefield, South Carolina, April 21, 1816. He was educated at the University of Virginia and South Carolina College, graduating from the latter in 1837. He was admitted to the bar in 1839. An intransigent secessionist as early as 1844, he moved to Marshall, Texas, in 1848; served in both houses of the state legislature; and in December 1859 was elected to the United States Senate. Here he hurled defiance in the face of his Northern adversaries and was instrumental in the defeat of the Crittenden compromise. At all times he advocated the withdrawal of the Southern states and the formation of a Confederacy. He was ultimately expelled from the Senate on July 11, 1861. He had meantime been present at the bombardment of Sumter, serving as an aide to General Beauregard. At the time, his visit to the fort to demand its surrender advertised him as something of a military hero. Already a member of the Provisional Congress, he was commissioned colonel of the 1st Texas Infantry on August 28, 1861. On October 21 following, President Davis appointed him brigadier general in the Provisional Army. In command for a time of the Texas Brigade, General Wigfall resigned on February 20, 1862, to take a seat in the Confederate Senate, where he remained until the war's end. A violent partisan of Joseph E. Johnston and bitter opponent of the President's conduct of the war, he worked unceasingly to undermine the chief executive's powers. He was largely responsible for the passage of the bill which made Lee the General in Chief of the armies of the Confederacy in the closing weeks. Escaping to England in 1865, he returned to the United States in 1872 and took up residence in Baltimore. Two years later he removed again to Galveston, Texas, where he died on February 18, 1874, a month after his arrival. He is buried in the Episcopal Cemetery in Galveston.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.