Mansfield Lovell

Major General

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.

Mansfield Lovell was born in Washington, D. C,. October 20, 1822. He was graduated from West Point in the class of 1842. During the Mexican War, he received a severe wound at Belen Gate and the brevet of captain for gallantry at Chapultepec. He resigned from the army in 1854 and engaged in business. Later he became deputy street commissioner of New York City under Gustavus W. Smith. Almost immediately after his resignation from this post he was appointed major general in the Confederate Army, October 7, 1861, and assigned to the command of New Orleans. Hampered by an insufficiency of men and materiel, he could not successfully dispute the Federal land and sea invasion, and was at length compelled to evacuate the place. Even though his dispositions were commended by Robert E. Lee, he hold no further responsible command after the battle of Corinth in October 1862, where he directed a corps and subsequently a most skillful retreat. He was eventually relieved of responsibility for the loss of New Orleans by a court of inquiry; and both Generals Joseph E. Johnston (in January 1864) and John B. Hood (in July) requested his services as a corps commander during the Atlanta campaign, but to no avail. Apparently in response to a further request by Johnston, made on March 23, 1865, General Lovell was ordered by the Secretary of War to report to General Robert E. Lee for assignment. He was presumably en route to Johnston's army when hostilities terminated. After the war he returned to New York and served as assistant engineer to General John Newton in the removal of the East River obstructions. He died there on June 1, 1884, and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.