Marcus Joseph Wright

Monument: Find-a-Grave

Marcus Joseph Wright was born at Purdy, Tennessee, June 5, 1831, and was educated in the local academy. After studying law, he removed to Memphis, where he became clerk of the common law and chancery court. For some years previous to the Civil War, Wright had been lieutenant colonel of the 154th Tennessee militia regiment. He was mustered into the service of the Confederacy with this regiment, which was re-named the 154th Senior Tennessee Infantry. After acting as military governor of Columbus, Kentucky, until its evacuation, he fought at Belmont and was wounded at Shiloh. During Bragg's invasion of Kentucky in 1862 he was on the staff of General Cheatham and took part in the battle of Perryville. Promoted brigadier general from December 13, 1862, he led General D. S. Donelson's old Tennessee brigade at Chickamauga and in the Chattanooga campaign. He later commanded the post and District of Atlanta, the post at Macon, and at the end of the war, the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee. Paroled at Grenada, Mississippi, on May 19, 1865, he returned to his law practice in Memphis, where for some time he also acted as assistant purser of the United States Navy Yard. In 1878 General Wright was made agent for the collection of Confederate records in connection with the monumental official U. S. government publication, War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. He worked at this task until his retirement in June 1917, and made invaluable contributions to this primary source of the history of the war. He also wrote prolifically for magazines and published a number of books of a historical nature. General Wright died in Washington, D. C, in his ninety-second year, December 27, 1922. He is buried in Arlington.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.

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