Pierce Manning Butler Young
Pierce Manning Butler Young was born on November 15, 1836, at Spartanburg, South Carolina, but moved with his parents as a small boy to Bartow County, Georgia. Obtaining his early training at the Georgia Military Institute, he secured an appointment to West Point in 1857, but resigned upon the secession of Georgia a few months before he would have been graduated. Appointed a 2nd lieutenant of artillery in the Regular Confederate service, on March 16, 1861, Young rose rapidly to lieutenant colonel of Cobb's Legion and the command of its cavalry. He was attached to General Wade Hampton's brigade of Stuart's Cavalry Corps, and was distinguished for "remarkable gallantry" in the Maryland campaign. He was promoted to brigadier general to rank from September 28, 1863, having been commissioned colonel from November 1, 1862. During part of 1864 he commanded Hampton's old division, and in November was sent to Augusta, Georgia, to collect troops and to aid in the defense of the city, then being threatened by Sherman. He was subsequently promoted temporary major general to rank from December 30, 1864, and under the command of Hampton, resisted Sherman's advance through the Carolinas. General Young became prominent politically after the war and served five terms (or parts of terms) as a Democrat in Congress, from 1868 to 1875, during the turbulent Reconstruction period. A delegate to the Democratic National Conventions of 1872, 1876, and 1880, he also held several consular and diplomatic posts proffered by both Republican and Democratic presidents. He died in New York City, July 6, 1896, and is buried in Cartersville, Georgia, near his old plantation.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.