Richard Caswell Gatlin
Richard Caswell Gatlin was born in Lenoir County, North Carolina, January 18, 1809. He attended the University of North Carolina, and was graduated at West Point in the class of 1832. His extended ante-bellum career in the old army was marked by a brevet for gallant and meritorious service at the battle of Monterey in the Mexican War. Resigning his commission as major, 5th Infantry, in May 1861, he was appointed adjutant general of North Carolina and colonel of infantry in the Regular Confederate Army. Promoted brigadier general in the Provisional Army to rank from July 8, 1861, he was assigned to command of the Department of North Carolina, and was thus charged with responsibility for the coast defenses of the state. Whether rightly or wrongly, he was accordingly made to bear the onus of the loss of Fort Hatteras and the subsequent surrender of New Bern, and was relieved on March 19, 1862. He resigned his Confederate commission the following September, but continued to serve as state adjutant general until the end of the war. After the close of hostilities General Gatlin engaged in farming in Sebastian County, Arkansas, dying at Mount Nebo Yell County, on September 8, 1896, in his eighty-eighth year. He is buried in the National Cemetery at Fort Smith, Arkansas.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.