Richard Heron Anderson
Richard Heron Anderson was born October 7, 1821 at "Hill Crest," Sumter County, South Carolina. He was graduated in 1842 at West Point, in a class which furnished no less than twenty-two general officers to the Union and Confederate armies from thirty-seven graduates living in 1861. He won the brevet of 1st lieutenant in the Mexican War, and was captain of the 2nd Dragoons when he resigned his commission on March 3, 1861. Commissioned major of infantry in the Regular Confederate service to rank from March 16, he was present at the reduction of Sumter. On July 18 he was promoted brigadier general and succeeded to the command of Charleston when General Beauregard went to Virginia. Early in 1862 he was assigned a brigade in Longstreet's division on the Peninsula and was thereafter connected with the Army of Northern Virginia. Appointed major general July 14, 1862, he commanded his division, first in the 1st Corps, and after Chancellorsville in the 3rd, until Longstreet was wounded and disabled at the battle of the Wilderness. He was then promoted lieutenant general with temporary rank from May 31, 1864, to direct the corps of his old chief. Upon Longstreet's return to the army General Anderson was placed in charge of a segment of the Richmond defenses. His troops were shattered and largely dispersed at the battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, although he himself escaped and rejoined the main army. As supernumerary— a commander without a command appropriate to his rank, he was relieved and authorized to return home the day before the surrender at Appomattox. His post-bellum career was an unsuccessful struggle against poverty; at the time of his death at Beaufort, South Carolina, June 26, 1879, he was state phosphate agent. He is buried in Beaufort.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.