Robert Daniel Johnston
Robert Daniel Johnston was born in Lincoln County, North Carolina, on March 19, 1837. After he was graduated from the University of North Carolina, he studied law at the University of Virginia and was admitted to the bar of his native state. At the time of the secession of North Carolina he was a lieutenant in the Beattie's Ford Rifles, a militia company. He entered the service of the Confederacy as captain of Company K, 23rd North Carolina Infantry. He took part in the Peninsular campaign in the spring of 1862, and was promoted lieutenant colonel in May. He was wounded at Seven Pines and fought with conspicuous bravery at South Mountain and Sharpsburg. Distinguished service at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg won him the commission of brigadier at the age of twenty-four, to rank September 1, 1863. Again wounded at Spotsylvania, he returned to his brigade to lead it in Early's Valley campaign of 1864, rendering a particularly gallant account of himself at the battle of Winchester in September of that year. After fighting in the trenches during the siege of Petersburg he was sent in March 1865 to guard the line of the Roanoke River and to collect deserters. He was paroled at Charlotte, North Carolina, in May. For twenty years thereafter he practiced law in Charlotte. He removed in 1887 to Birmingham, Alabama, where he became president of the Birmingham National Bank, and was also at one time register of the U. S. Land Office. One of the last surviving generals of the Confederacy, General Johnston died at Winchester, Virginia, on February 1, 1919, and is buried there.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders
by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton
Rouge and London.