Samuel Garland, Jr.

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

Samuel Garland, Jr., a collateral descendant of President James Madison, was born at Lynchburg, Virginia, December 16, 1830, and was graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1849 and from the University of Virginia Law School in 1851. He then practiced his profession in Lynchburg until the secession of the state, meantime organizing the Lynchburg Home Guard, a militia company of which he was elected the first captain. This unit was mustered into Confederate service as Company G of the 11th Virginia Infantry, and Garland was commissioned colonel of the regiment. He was present at First Manassas, Dranesville, and at Williamsburg, where he was wounded. Promoted brigadier general on May 23, 1862, he was assigned to a brigade in D. H. Hill's division, which he commanded with distinction at Seven Pines, in the battles of the Seven Days, and in the Second Manassas campaign. Garland's brigade, scarcely one thousand men, was posted in Fox's Gap at South Mountain to resist McClellan's advance during the Maryland campaign. During the fight of September 14, 1862, he sustained a mortal wound, from which he died on the field. He is buried in Lynchburg.

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Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.