Sidney Drake Jackman

Sidney Drake Jackman was bom in Jessamine County, Kentucky, on March 7, 1826, the son of Thomas and Mary (Drake) Jackman, farmers. In 1830 Jack-man's family moved from Kentucky to Missouri, finally settling in Howard County. Young Jackman had a scanty education in the local schools. At first a teacher, Jackman soon abandoned that calling "for the free life of a farmer." He and his young wife bought a farm in Papinville, Missouri, near the Kansas border. In the late 1850s armed bands of antislavery Kansans raided western Missouri in retaliation for the raids into Kansas of proslavery Missourians. Caught up in the border violence, Jackman helped form a "border guard" company in Bates County and was elected its lieutenant.

A Union man at the beginning of the war, Union army depredations in western Missouri forced him into the southern ranks. Jackman organized his neighbors into a cavalry company to protect Bates County from the Kansas "jayhawker" raiders, and was elected the company's captain. Throughout 1861 and early 1862 his company sparred with Union troops in Bates County, by now well behind the Union lines. In May, 1862, Jackman led a cavalry company in the Confederate attack on Neosho, Missouri. On August 16, 1862, Jackman, now a colonel of partisans, led a regiment-sized force that helped capture the Union forces holding Lone Jack, Missouri. By late 1862 Jackman's forces were strong enough to begin cooperating with raids into Missouri by regular Confederate forces. In September, 1862, he was elected colonel of a newly raised Missouri infantry regiment, but Jackman soon resigned this post in order to recruit a regiment of Missouri cavalry. While on recruiting duty behind Union lines Jackman was shot. He hid out with his Howard County relatives while recuperating. Recovering, he resumed his recruiting activities and, with a small band of partisans, remained in Missouri. On January 11, 1863, Jackman's band raided Columbia, Missouri, in an unsuccessful attempt to release comrades from the town jail. On April 23, 1863, Jackman kidnapped Brigadier General Thomas J. Bartholow, then encamped at Glasgow, Missouri, in circumstances reminiscent of John S. Mosby's famous capture of General Stoughton. On June 1, 1863, Jackman's twenty-man band beat off an attack by picked Union cavalry; Jack-man personally shot the major who led the Union forces. By May, 1864, Jackman and his men crossed over into Arkansas. He hid out in the Boston Mountains of northwest Arkansas, skirmishing with the Union army occupation forces and organizing recruits. By June he succeeded in raising a cavalry regiment that was called "Jackman's Missouri Cavalry." The regiment was attached to Brigadier General Joseph Shelby's cavalry division. In the fall of 1864 Jackman, "a stern, able and devoted soldier," commanded as colonel a brigade of Missouri cavalry (two regiments and two battalions of mostly new recruits) in Price's Raid. During the raid Jackman led the attack and capture of Glasgow, Missouri, and its Union garrison. On the first day of the Battle of Westport (October 22 and 23, 1864), Jackman led the attack of Price's army, routing the Union forces from their position. On the second day Jackman's brigade, on the Confederate left, launched a successful attack on Westport. With the collapse of the Confederate rear the attack was halted, and Jackman's brigade was hustled back to hold off the Union pursuit. At Mine Creek Jackman's troopers guarded the army's trains and thus missed the rout, though the brigade did help blunt the Union pursuit. Jackman was twice wounded during the war.

On May 16, 1865, General Kirby Smith assigned Jackman to duty as brigadier general. The assignment orders list him as colonel of Jackman's Missouri Cavalry. At this stage of the war the soldiers of the Trans-Mississippi army, hearing that Lee had surrendered and believing that the war was lost, were deserting in droves; the army soon ceased to exist.

After the surrender of the Trans-Mississippi Department Jackman gathered his family and took the road to Mexico. He left his family in Hays County, Texas, while he went ahead to gauge the prospects of settling in northern Mexico. In 1866 he rejoined his family in Hays County. Settling near Kyle, he bought a farm and became a farmer and cattle raiser. Respected in his new community, Jackman was elected representative to the Texas Legislature in 1873. In 1885, President Cleveland appointed Jackman U.S. marshal for western Texas. He served as marshal until his death, passing away on June 2, 1886, at his Hays County ranch. He is buried in Kyle Cemetery in Hays County. It was said of Jackman that "truth, honor and duty constituted his life-creed.... he was profoundly loyal to friends, family and country.'"

Wright, Wood, Heitman, SHSP, and CV all list Jackman as a Confederate general.

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Reference:  More Generals in Gray.  Bruce S. Allardice.  A companion volume to Generals in Gray.  Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge. LA.