Stephen Dill Lee

Brigadier General

Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.

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Stephen Dill Lee, the youngest Lieutenant General of the Confederacy, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, September 22, 1833. He was graduated from West Point in 1854. Resigning his commission on February 20, 1861, he entered Confederate service as captain and aide-de-camp to General Beauregard.

By profession an artillerist, he served in the artillery through all the Virginia campaigns until Sharpsburg, and was meantime promoted through grades to Colonel. On November 6, 1862, he was appointed Brigadier General and was assigned to the command of General Pembertonís artillery at Vicksburg. He was exchanged after the capitulation of the place in July 1863, and was promoted Major General on August 3. He was then placed in command of the cavalry in the Department of Mississippi, Alabama, West Tennessee, and East Louisiana.

Appointed to Lieutenant General, to rank from June 23, 1864, he assumed command of Hoodís old corps of the Army of Tennessee, which he led during the Tennessee campaign and in the closing days, until the surrender of General Joseph F. Johnston in North Carolina.

After the war General Lee resided in Mississippi, where lie was farmer, state senator, and the first president of Mississippi State College. He was also a leading figure in the United Confederate Veterans, whose organization he headed as commander-in-chief from 1904 until his death at Vicksburg, May 28, 1908.

Despite his youth and comparative lack of experience, Leeís prior close acquaintanceship with all three branches of the service --- artillery, cavalry, and infantry --- rendered him one of the most capable corps commanders in the army. He is buried in Columbus, Mississippi.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.