Tennent Lomax

Brigadier General

Monument: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.  http://www.archives.alabama.gov/conoffalb/index.html

LOMAX, TENNENT, lawyer, colonel, C. S. Army, was born September 20, 1820, in Abbeville, S. C., and was killed June 1, 1862, at Seven Pines, Va.; son of William and Eliza (Tennent) Lomax, the former a lawyer in Abbeville, who served in the South Carolina legislature; grandson of James and Jane (Dillworth) Lomax, and of William Peter and Martha (Middleton) Tennent; great-grandson of Maj. Hugh Middleton, of the Revolutionary Army. James Lomax emigrated from Rockingham County, N. C., to Abbeville District, S. C., where he built a colonial home and reared his family. He was the son of William Lomax, who came from England to America, and who was descended from Laurent Lomax, a companion of William the Conqueror. The original colonial ancestor of Gen. Lomax in the Tennent branch was Rev. William Tennent, a Presbyterian minister, who, in 1727, established the log college, from which sprang Princeton theological seminary. Four sons of William Tennent were Presbyterian ministers, and one of these, William Tennent, jr., was the founder of Tennent church, at Freehold, N. J. His son, Rev. William Tennent, of Charleston, S. C., father of William Peter Tennent, was known as the "preacher and patriot," and a slab commemorating him is on the walls of the Archdale church of Charleston, S. C. Gen. Lomax's mother died at his birth, and his father died during his boyhood. He was educated at Randolph-Macon college, graduating fourth in a class of which Justice Clopton vol. rv— 5 of the Alabama supreme court, was valedictorian, A. B., 1840. He received the degree of A. M. in 1851. After his graduation, he moved to Alabama, and read law in the of&ce of John C. Calhoun, at Eufaula. On completing his studies, he was admitted to the bar, and engaged in the practice of law and in planting at Eufaula. Upon the outbreak of the war with Mexico, he raised a company, and became its captain. The organization became Co. D, First battalion Alabama infantry, and was on duty in the Department of Orizaba while Orizaba was occupied by the United States troops in 1848. Soon after his return to civil life, he moved to Columbus, Ga., where for several years, he became one of the proprietors and the editor of the Columbus "Times and Sentinel." He was elected State printer of Georgia, by the legislature of that state, and was president of the Democratic convention which first nominated Senator Joseph E. Brown for governor of Georgia. He was at one time tendered the position of charge d'affaires of the United States to Belgium, but declined the appointment. He returned to Alabama in 1857, and engaged in planting at Montgomery. While a resident of Columbus, Ga., he was captain of a military company for several years, and shortly after his removal to Montgomery, he became captain of the Montgomery True Blues, a position he held until the outbreak of the War of Secession. Through his infiuence the Second volunteer regiment was raised soon after the Harper's Ferry raid, and in 1861, as colonel of that regiment he was ordered to Pensacola by Gov. Moore to assist the Florida authorities in taking possession of the forts and navy yard. Forts Barancas and McRae were surrendered to him by Lieut. Slemmer of the U. S. Army, who withdrew to Fort Pickens, on Santa Rosa Island. Not being allowed to take Fort Pickens by assault. Gen. Lomax wrote to Gov. Moore asking their recall, and shortly after its return to Montgomery, the regiment disbanded. In April, 1861, Gen. Lomax was elected lieutenant colonel of the Third Alabama infantry regiment, and repaired with it to Virginia. He became colonel by the promotion of Col. Withers, and was commissioned a brigadier-general just before the battle of Seven Pines, but remained in command of the regiment for that battle. On June 1, 1862, while at the head of his regiment, he was instantly killed. His body, which fell into the hands of Federal troops, was subsequently recovered and buried in the cemetery at Montgomery. Married: (1) in 1849, to Sophie Shorter, who died, March 18, 1850, daughter of Gen. R. C. Shorter of Eufaula, and sister of Gov. John C. Shorter; (2) Mrs. Caroline (Billingslea) Shorter, widow of Reuben C. Shorter, by whom she had two sons, daughter of Augustus and Elizabeth (Slatter) Billingslea, of English descent. Children: 1. a daughter, d. in infancy; 2. Tennent (q. v.). Last residence: Montgomery.

Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer