Thomas Neville Waul
Thomas Neville Waul was born on January 5, 1813, in Sumter District, South Carolina. He attended South Carolina College until his junior year. After teaching school for a time in Florence, Alabama, he studied law in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was admitted to the bar in 1835. Soon after, he removed to Gonzales County, Texas, where he established a plantation and also practiced his profession. An unsuccessful Democratic candidate for the United States Congress in 1859, he was elected to the Provisional Congress of the Confederacy in 1861 and served until the erection of the permanent government. He recruited Waul's Texas Legion in 1862, and was commissioned its colonel on May 17. He was surrendered with his command at Vicksburg in July 1863, and was promoted after his exchange to brigadier general from September 18, 1863. In the Red River campaign of 1864 he commanded a brigade in General John G. Walker's division at Mansfield and Pleasant Hill. Later he was transferred to Arkansas to oppose Steele, and fought at the battle of Jenkins' Ferry. Immediately upon the close of hostilities in 1865, General Waul was elected to the first Texas reconstruction convention. Thereafter he practiced law in Galveston, and in later life retired to a farm in Hunt County, near Greenville, where he died on July 28, 1903, in his ninety-first year. Leaving no blood relatives, General Waul was the last of his line. He is buried in Fort Worth, Texas.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.